Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Things You Wont Like About Term Paper Definition Examples and Things You Will

Things You Won't Like About Term Paper Definition Examples and Things You Will The third paragraph produces a transition from the introduction to the remainder of the paper, telling us what they will discuss. It is possible to also check on the characteristic of the greatest topic for term paper to get to understand the sort of professional services that we're speaking about. On the flip side, the selection of the topic determines the course of the presentation. You research a topic, then analyze and comment upon the info you gleaned and the way that it relates to the specific subject matter accessible. Definitions of Term Paper Definition Examples There are lots of paper templates to pick from, but a lot of the time your instructor will require a specific format for the entire class to follow. First, the practice begins by completing the purchase form. Once, you're done with the ordering process we'll send you the essential specifics. 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Friday, May 15, 2020

The Right to Education Essay - 577 Words

Education is a elemental human right and essential for all other human rights. It is a powerful tool by which socially and economically marginalized children and adults can lift themselves out of poverty. It also consists of the right to freedom of education. Freedom of education is the right given to human beings to have access to the education of their preference without any constrictions. Right to education is a human right recognized by the United Nations. It includes the entire compulsion to eliminate inequity at all levels of the educational system. The rights to education are separated into three levels: †¢ Primary (Fundamental or Elemental) Education- This type of education must be free and compulsory for any child apart from of†¦show more content†¦Higher education should be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. Professional and technical education should be made generally available. ï‚ § Education should promote friendship, understanding and tolerance among all nations, religious or racial groups, and the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. It should be intended for the improvement of the human personality. It should be directed to the strengthening of respect for human rights and freedoms. ï‚ § All the parents have a right to decide the type of education that shall be given to their children. The right to education is also reaffirmed by the 1st Protocol of ECHR, 1981 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, and also the 1960 UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Convention against Discrimination in Education. According to the article 1(2) written in the 1960 UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education, education refers to the transmission to a following generation of those skills required to carry out the tasks of daily living, and further passing on the cultural, spiritual, social and philosophical ethics ofShow MoreRelatedRight to Education4758 Words   |  20 PagesTable of Contents * INTRODUCTION †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ 6 * RIGHT TO EDUCATION: A HISTORICAL OVERVIEW †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦7-12 * PRE-INDEPENDENCE ERA * SUPREME COURT ON THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION * APPROACH OF VARIOUS COMMISSIONS * INTERNATIONAL TREATY OBLIGATIONS * THE 86TH AMENDMENT ACT * THE RIGHT OF CHILDERNS TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT, 2009 †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..12-15 * HIGHLIGHTS OF THE ACT * CONCLUSION †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.15-16 * BIBLIOGRAPHYRead MoreThe Case For Rights Education1665 Words   |  7 PagesOverall Study of the Importance of Youth to Undergo Sexual Education Courses Abramson, Seth. The Case for Rights Education Alongside Sex Education. The Huffington Post, 18 July 2016. The Huffington Post, www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/the-case-for-rights-education-alongside-sex-education_us_578d282de4b0d4229484d76d. Accessed 21 Nov. 2016. In â€Å"The Case for Rights Education Alongside Sex Education†, Seth Abramson states that the reason sex education is present in the majority of all American schools isRead MoreThe Education Is A Universal Rights Essay1263 Words   |  6 Pages An education is a universal rights. Students should have the right to a quality public education regardless of their background. A true multicultural education ensures that all students have an equitable educational opportunity. Unfortunately, throughout public schooling many students are put through disadvantageous through no fault of their own. There have been several movements that have try to repeal the inequalities of what has occurred. Despite these advocates having good intentions, theirRead MoreThe Rights Of Women And Education1645 Words   |  7 Pagessufficient education is something that Westerner’s like myself, have taken for granted for a long time. It’s easy to, in all honesty, because we have been raised in a society in which education has been held at the utmost importance. In the United States women are held at an equal level with men, we’ve fought for this sense of equality for several years and unfortunately, not all women across the world hav e had that same success. Women from other countries do not have half of the rights that we doRead MoreEducation Is A Universal Right1249 Words   |  5 PagesEducation is a universal right. Most students find their true passion for learning in college. Taking courses that interest them and avoiding courses that don t interest them, college students find themselves in a world that is coming to an end but, it also leads to a new beginning. This is why it s very important for most students to get an education from the nation s so-called prestigious institutions. In a article written for Time Magazine, Frank Bruni writes determined to get into oneRead MoreEducation Is Not A Right But An Obligation2014 Words   |  9 PagesThe statement â€Å"Education is not a right but an obligation† is both correct and incorrect. It’s the right of the child to receive an education but it is an obligation of the State to provide and ensure that every child has access to an equal educat ion. The governing laws, both international and domestic, have made education a right, but the states and parties involved have the duty and responsibility to uphold these treaties and laws, which also makes education an essential obligation. Most governingRead MoreRight to Education Act1883 Words   |  8 PagesRight  to  Education  Act What is the act about? * Every child between the ages of 6  to  14 years has the  right  to  free and compulsory education. This is stated as per the 86th Constitution  Amendment Act added Article 21A. The  right  to  education  act seeks  to  give effect  to  this amendment * The government schools shall provide free education  to  all the children and the schools will be managed by school management committees (SMC). Private schools shall admit at least 25% of the children  in  theirRead MoreA Project On Civic Rights Education1676 Words   |  7 PagesDECLARATION I hereby declare that the project entitled Civic Rights Education submitted to the Tribhuwan University, is a record of an original work done by me under the guidance of Mr. Ramesh Man Singh, Faculty Member atCollege of Applied business, and this project work has not performed the basis for the award of any Degree or diploma/ associateship/fellowship and similar project if any. [YOUR NAME] [ENROLMENTNO]] CERTIFICATE FROM THE SUPERVISOR Read MoreThe Right Of Education Act ( Rte ) Essay1471 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract: The Right to Education Act (RTE) came into action on 1st April, 2010 has made free and compulsory education a fundamental right of every child in the 6 to 14 age group. Now our India has joined the group of those countries who provide for a constitutional right to free and compulsory education to its children. The RTE Act mandates that â€Å"every child of the age of six to fourteen years shall have a right to free and compulsory education in a neighbourhood school till completion of elementaryRead MoreShould Higher Education Be A Right?985 Words   |  4 PagesShould higher education be a right in the United States? Yes. Can states afford to fund higher education and can institutions develop cost-effective strategies to assist this process? Yes and yes. Multiple approaches have been offered in the search for increasing access to affordable education. However, methods achieved by various countries and historical precedents have occurred under diverse circumstances and under various funding mechanisms. These strategies do not seem to offer a viable plan

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

White Privilege in My Career Essay - 975 Words

Ms. McIntosh made a particularly resonant statement about halfway through her essay; â€Å"my skin color was an asset for any move I was educated to want to make.† I have always been free to move around the country, to make my own choices, own my independence and enjoy the freedom of my liberation. Considerations she includes on her list of privileges never actively entered into my decision making process. I was always able to find suitable housing and employment and educational opportunities to advance myself in anyway I decided. This made me wonder if in fact I had earned through merit and achievement all I believe I have to date. When I married and had a child, it was a simple proposition to purchase a home, a car, get a job with a†¦show more content†¦Throughout my employment with the firm I never encountered a single employee who had graduated from an undergraduate institute that was not a national or internationally ranked university. This fact in and of itself may not seem biased, but this hiring criteria eliminated all candidates from regional schools and local schools. This elimination criteria alone can be imputed to have reduced the ethnic pool of candidates substantially. The demographics of Tampa in 2010 were 26% black and 23% Hispanic and 46% white. I was in high school during the 80’s, the demographics were more evenly distributed between the three groups during that time. The increase in whites over the three decades is attributable largely to intrastate migration. This makes it safe to assume that the number of whites representative of Tampa in 1992 was somewhere between 33-46% of the total population. The first hiring meeting I attended was held in an auditorium large enough to hold three hundred people. My recollection of this first meeting is that the audience was fairly diverse, at least as diverse as the University of South Florida student body, which was much less diverse than the city ofShow MoreRelatedWhat Social Justice Issues Are You Most Passionate About And Why?888 Words   |  4 Pagespolicy, yet there has been a systemic erasure of women of color in feminism throughout history, and systemic silencing of women in racial politics. As a Global Health student, I am passionate about the mental and physical health of women of color. My research argues racial, gendered, and economic oppression can directly cause mental illness, such as depression, among women of color. And yet, there remain vast health disparities among communities of color due to the prevalence of inadequate treatmentRead MoreEssay The Educational Benefits of White Male Privilege845 Words   |  4 PagesEducational Benefits of White Male Privilege What is learned in school, be it public or private, determines, for the most part, what position an individual will find themselves in - in the future. In â€Å"White Privilege and Male Privilege,† Peggy McIntosh, an author known for doing something that is rarely done in the white community--speaking of her race--makes references to education, to her privileged education, to support her argument on white and male privilege. Sometimes I wonder whatRead MoreWhite Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Backpack786 Words   |  4 PagesWhite Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Backpack Peggy McIntosh’s piece â€Å"White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack† describes the privileges white people gets without realizing their advantage over others. Peggy talks about racism being a part of everyday life even though we ignore it. Her main idea was to inform the readers that whites are taught to ignore the fact that they enjoy social privileges that people of color do not because we live in a society of white dominance. Her examplesRead MoreAnalysis Of My White Privilege On The Lgbtq Community Essay1198 Words   |  5 Pagesexists with fine lines of privilege and distinctions of status. Factors that determine power and influence in mainstream society are perpetuated within the LGBTQ community and serve as indicators of division. Throughout my life, I have experienced privilege and I understand that as a white, gay man, I hold disproportionate influence. I understand that the factors of race and sexuality have held a considerable impact on my life a nd my experiences as a member of both the white and LGBTQ communities. ThoughRead MoreWhite Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack920 Words   |  4 Pagesarticle, â€Å"White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack†, Peggy McIntosh talks about the various privileges white people receive. Her basic idea was to inform the readers that whites are taught to ignore the fact that they enjoy social privileges that people of color do not because we live in a society of white dominance. McIntosh lists some daily white privileges; a variety of daily instances where white dominance is clear. Her examples include privileges relating to education, careers, entertainmentRead MorePersonal Privilege, Privilege And Privilege843 Words   |  4 PagesPersonal Privilege Personal privilege is privilege one receives based on unearned qualities such as skin color, gender, socioeconomic status, demographics, or cultural characteristics (Lee, 2007). Being White and growing up in a predominately White community limited my exposure to other cultures and races. While I was limited to my exposure to other cultures and races I have become aware of White privilege and who it influences interactions with different races and cultures. Whites tend to view â€Å"theirRead MoreWhite Privilege Persuasive Speech1746 Words   |  7 Pages Good evening, my name is Alyssa Bosley and, to begin, I would like to tell you a little bit about myself. I am 15 years old and currently live in Northern Kentucky. I pretty much follow the basic teenager routine. I stress about schoolwork, listen to music, like hanging out with my friends, and I m racist. Wait, did that last one surprise you? The unfortunate reality is that I, along with over half of America, benefit from the effects of white privilege at the expense of people of color. DespiteRead MorePrivilege Is Power By That I1149 Words   |  5 PagesPrivilege is power. By that I mean it gives one a sense of freedom and safety that not everyone else has. It allows for those who have it to walk through this earth without fear of prejudice or stereotypes. Throughout this memo I would like to describe my privilege, how it effects me, how it effects those around me, and how I plan on using my privilege in the future. White and Privileged I know that as a young, white, and educated woman, that I am privileged. I have rights and power that I am unawareRead MoreAnalysis Of The Play Straight White Men 866 Words   |  4 PagesJanuary 23, a couple of classmates and I went to see Young Jean Lee’s â€Å"Straight White Men,† a play examining the values and privileges of being a straight white male. The play is set in a house on Christmas Eve. Although we originally chose this performance because it fitted best with our schedules, I was interested to see what message the Asian playwright wanted to convey to her audience through the interactions of a white family. As a student at the University of Michigan, I interact with studentsRead MoreWhite Privilege : Unpacking The Invisible Knapsack1455 Words   |  6 PagesThis purpose of this paper is to synthesize this writer s three key revelations from this semester which are, (1) white privilege, (2) curriculum corruption and inadequate United States history educa tion in K-12 public schools, and (3) United States legislation which disadvantages the minor races as a means for the dominate race to maintain power and control. Thus, this exploration organizes each area of significant course discovery, which a hybrid of class sources and readings relating to each

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The film American Beauty Essay Example For Students

The film American Beauty Essay The film American Beauty adopts many negative attitudes of the American society it depicts. These attitudes explore the nature of imprisonment, true beauty and materialism. Sam Mendes invites the viewer to look closer into the film by reflecting on these attitudes through a variety of techniques, which captivate the audience creating a masterpiece film. A major attitude portrayed throughout the film is explored through imprisonment. Mendes explores imprisonment in the sense of a negative invisible constriction created by societal values and expectations, which blinds people from the important values in life. This is displayed through Lestors imprisonment and his eventual escape from confinement, in a rights of passage journey. Throughout the film Lestor is subconsciously trapped behind jail cells which Mendes displays through setting, film techniques, and symbolism. In the beginning of the film we can see the various jail cells Lestor is subject to. Firstly, in the shower scene we see Lestor trapped behind glass walls. This symbolic glass wall is again used by Mendes in the following scene where Lestor is again trapped behind the glass windows in the house, a boundary which is caused by the nature of his materialistic wife Carolyn. In the next scene we again see Lestor in another jail cell while he is sleeping in the car. He is unaware he is in the car or jail cell as he is sleeping, while we see, through a low angle perspective shot, the outside world through the car window. This is the world that Lestor has lost touch with. We again see the director deliberately use Lestors computer screen as another jail cell, with numbers written in a column format. This scene also supports the cell symbol as a sticker on Lestors bored says Look Closer, which is an ironical statement which is directed to the viewers. We see the director continually employing this symbolic technique of jail cells to examine Lestors imprisonment from realization of true happiness, through the various cell settings. The confusion and dissolution of Beauty is another negative attitude of the depicted American society. Through the video lens of Ricky Fitts the director explores as a filter to depict the nature of True Beauty in contrast to the false and blurred vision of beauty in the eyes of society. We see the director, in the scene with Angela and Jane in Janes room, reflect on this contradiction of beauty. This scene is a microcosm of the film itself as Ricky zooms past Angela, who we think and also society depicts as being beautiful and sexy, into the reflection of Janes face in the glass mirror, who is infidently embodying a rarer beautiful and interest. This is again another jail cell symbolic in the mirror as Jane is trapped in the perception of True beauty, ironically the viewer is also confused why Ricky is more interested in Jane. Here we see the director use the film technique of the video camera lens to view Jane and the sutle symbolic techniques used. This perception of True Beauty is again explored through Rickys video camera in the scene of filming a dead bird. When Ricky states he is filming the dead bird and Angela asks Why? He responds Because its beautiful. Through the video camera technique we again see the director depict True beauty as something in its natural form, not influenced by external factors. The video camera then zooms past Angela again focusing on Jane. This film technique is repeated from early in the film as Ricky is again only interested in Janes natural truly beautiful appearance and interesting image. .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 , .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .postImageUrl , .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 , .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79:hover , .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79:visited , .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79:active { border:0!important; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79:active , .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79 .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0bea7080caa2ba8837215773a30bcf79:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Movie Summary - The Wizard of Oz EssayWe again see conflicting attitude of True beauty through the plastic bag video recording from Ricky. In this scene the constant panning of the video recording displays a wind caring circular movements around dead leaves, sometimes whipping it about violently, or without warning, sending it soaring skyward, floating gracefully down to the ground. This fine piece of filming explores an exquisite natural beauty as if the bag is dancing with joy in the wind, with the dead leaves almost depicting foot soldiers dancing around the bag. This Beauty would be regularly disregarded in a negative attitude among the depicted society, as a simply plastic bag blowing in the wind. Mendes uses film techniques such as the unpredictable panning on the plastic bag. Mendes again uses symbolism in the form of rose petals to roses to symbolize true beauty in scenes where it is present, but in contrast he also uses roses in scenes where true beauty does not exist, and is yearning to. For example in Lestors frequent fantasies of Angela rose petals are always present. Lestor sees Angela as beautiful through the perception of societal views. However at the end of the film Lestors perception of Angelas Beauty changes as she mentions she is a virgin. Therefore, Angela ironically possesses an innocent natural Beauty which Lestor comes to understand. On the other hand, roses surround Lestors house. This setting of roses, in this sense are symbolic as the house is a simple material object one of societal expectations, yet the house and its inhabitants possess an artificial beauty which yearns True beauty. Mendes uses symbolism and setting to explore the attitude of beauty in this context. The pessimistic nature of materialism in the depicted society of the film is also explored by Mendes using a variety of techniques. Techniques such as setting and symbolism are used to portray and illustrate the underlying motifs. The film adopts a negative attitude to materialism as it blinds people from the more important goals and values in life, instead seeking unlimited material satisfaction in fabric possessions. The film denounces the hypocrisy of a society obsessed with outer appearance of success, thus avoiding in the film we see certain scenes where material natures override fundamentally values in life. Firstly, in the dinner scene where Carolyn has the dinner table perfectively set in symmetrical precision in the long shot of the room. This material environment is ironic as the real emotions are tense and aggressive which is contradicted by Bobby Darren music in the background. Therefore, the material set up and music is unnecessary as the fundamental values of a happy family dinner are not present. This setting created by the Director is a very effective technique in displaying the contradictory atmosphere created in the dining room. The main negative attitude portrayed throughout the film is essentially the American Dream. The Burnham family has achieved on its own the possessions of a big house in the suburbs, furniture, money, beautiful gardens and cars, yet it is all an illusion. Through the journeys of the characters, we see that none are happy and the family explodes in overbearing tensions and frustration. In the journey for apparent fortune all personal passion and goals were sacrificed to a point where living had been forgotten. Ironically, the characters stranger to society are the ones who find happiness and True beauty. This is seen with Jane and Ricky as they see beauty through the filter of the video camera lens and also the gay neighbors who seem relatively happy and successful. This motif of the pursuit of happiness is thoroughly explored and played upon by Mendes using many symbols such as roses, jail cells, and water. In conclusion, the film criticizes the negative attitudes of imprisonment, true beauty and materialism. The director uses a variety of techniques such as symbolism, setting, film techniques and motives which effectively reflect the portrayed attitudes in the film.

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Abortion In Utilitarian Terms Essays - Classical Liberalism

Abortion In Utilitarian Terms Abortion This essay is an analysis of abortion in utilitarian terms. Compared to some writings on abortion, it is very short. And it is short for good reason: utilitarianism really has very little to say on this issue. Intuitionists will predictably take this as proof of the inadequacy of utilitarianism. The utilitarian, however, after noticing the various muddles produced by the intuitionist - the arguments over whether the fetus is a person, whether one person has the right to the use of another's body and/or whether someone has the right to determine what occurs in their own body (and in the case of both, the interminable debates as to what is to be done about the dilemma), and whether having sex in the first instance amounts to an invitation and the effects of this - might take this issue to be a good example of the inadequacy of intuitionism. [It may also be noticed that utilitarianism avoids altogether a problem which has plagued many attempts to justify abortion from a more conventional moral framework. The problem is this: if it is sometimes permissible to kill a fetus, where is the dividing-line between this and killing a normal baby (or adult)? The problem emerges because abortion is held to be sometimes permissible, but killing a normal baby (or adult) not, and it is quite hard to point to a hard and fast (morally-relevant) distinction: (e.g.) at what stage does consciousness develop? Utility avoids the problem because it does not share the assumptions - it does not say that it is never right to kill a normal baby (or adult), in fact the considerations in each case would be quite similar (with the exception of alarm in the case of adults).] Utilitarianism, of the hedonistic variety, is (we may recall) concerned only with pleasure and with pain. Therefore we shall be concerned with the amounts of pleasure and pain in situations where abortion is permitted as contrasted with the amounts of pleasure and pain where abortion is forbidden. It might be suggested that the main consideration would be the interests of the fetus: not only can its future life be expectedly happy (or at least having a balance of happiness over suffering) it might also be the case that the abortion itself is painful, particularly if it occurs later in the pregnancy. However this focus on the fetus is unwarranted: any suffering involved in the abortion itself can be avoided by simply aborting the pregnancy sooner (before the fetus has even developed the capability of suffering), or with painless techniques. The direct suffering of the fetus can therefore be no argument against abortion generally, only the bad practice of it. A more significant conside ration exists if we posit that the future life of the fetus involves a probable balance of happiness over suffering for the fetus. This would seem to be a definite point against abortion, though not, we shall see, a dominant one. The second party we might consider are the parents and other family, and guardians if the alternative to abortion is adoption. According to some studies, having a baby appears to decrease the happiness in a relationship - even in those cases where the pregnancy is desired [see Eysenck on happiness]. But again, this need not be considered too much, it is not a dominant consideration. As is the case with many issues in a utilitarian system, the rightness or wrongness of the act in question turns mainly not on the effects of the act on the agent, nor on the being(s) directly affected by the act, but on the less direct effects on the community at large. The issue of abortion, stripped of the language of rights and emotional sway over murdering babies, actually becomes one of the desirability of increasing or decreasing the population. Given that there must be some population size which is felicifically-optimal, it is clear that Utility will proscribe new births above this amount. Some may not realize, though this will hardly apply in the foreseeable future, that below this population size utility will prescribe reproduction. Utility would give positive duties in this case - you ought to have a child, and it

Thursday, March 12, 2020

Free Essays on Culture Shock

Cultural Relativism: Is truth defined by our culture or our culture by truth? In his article â€Å"Cultural relativism and cultural values†, Melville Herkovits defines the principle of cultural relativism as â€Å"judgments are based on experience, and experience is interpreted by each individual in terms of his own enculturation† (26). This is the basic premise of cultural relativism, that beliefs, values, and morals are all based on one’s culture. Therefore, since morality is based on society and different societies have different views of right and wrong, there can be no moral absolutes. Since there are no absolutes, under this view of cultural relativism all moral views determined by one’s culture are deemed true whether they conflict or not. Upon first glance, relativism seems like a very appropriate concept of morality in the world. It is clear to see that there are differences of what is acceptable and unacceptable in different societies across the world. Growing up in Western culture I have grown a fondness for meat, especially steak. It is a momentous occasion when I can go out or fix a nice, juicy steak for a meal, the bigger the better. This is not a problem in my culture, save those few health conscience people who say I will die by heart disease. However, if I were raised in an eastern, Hindu, culture these dietary practices would be considered wrong. My act of eating cow would be considered a moral atrocity. From examples like these and many others around the world we can see a good case for different cultures having different moral views, but is that really the case? I believe that at a surface level cultural relativism holds some merit, however if we look deeper into the issue we can find a flawed, and inaccurate theory for the way that the world should work. Some of the biggest arguments given in defense of cultural relativism are the many different practices of different cultures from around th... Free Essays on Culture Shock Free Essays on Culture Shock Cultural Relativism: Is truth defined by our culture or our culture by truth? In his article â€Å"Cultural relativism and cultural values†, Melville Herkovits defines the principle of cultural relativism as â€Å"judgments are based on experience, and experience is interpreted by each individual in terms of his own enculturation† (26). This is the basic premise of cultural relativism, that beliefs, values, and morals are all based on one’s culture. Therefore, since morality is based on society and different societies have different views of right and wrong, there can be no moral absolutes. Since there are no absolutes, under this view of cultural relativism all moral views determined by one’s culture are deemed true whether they conflict or not. Upon first glance, relativism seems like a very appropriate concept of morality in the world. It is clear to see that there are differences of what is acceptable and unacceptable in different societies across the world. Growing up in Western culture I have grown a fondness for meat, especially steak. It is a momentous occasion when I can go out or fix a nice, juicy steak for a meal, the bigger the better. This is not a problem in my culture, save those few health conscience people who say I will die by heart disease. However, if I were raised in an eastern, Hindu, culture these dietary practices would be considered wrong. My act of eating cow would be considered a moral atrocity. From examples like these and many others around the world we can see a good case for different cultures having different moral views, but is that really the case? I believe that at a surface level cultural relativism holds some merit, however if we look deeper into the issue we can find a flawed, and inaccurate theory for the way that the world should work. Some of the biggest arguments given in defense of cultural relativism are the many different practices of different cultures from around th... Free Essays on Culture Shock Oberg (1960) was the first person to use the term â€Å"culture shock† referring to the experience of living or visiting a new culture and facing unfamiliarity. The anthropologist provides six aspects of culture shock: strain, a sense of loss and feeling of deprivation, rejection, confusion, surprise/anxiety even disgust and indignation, and feelings of impotence. Researchers view this phenomenon as a normal and anticipated reaction and as part of the process of adaptation. Bock (1970) has maintained that culture shock is an emotional reaction that stems from the inability to â€Å"understand, control, and predict another’s behavior.† (Furnham, 1997) Culture shock is seen as a stress reaction where significant psychological and physical rewards are uncertain and consequently, unpredictable and uncontrollable. Hence, a person may feel confused and anxious until they form an understanding of their environment and the social constructs associated with that new surro unding. Culture shock includes the individual’s lack of a point of reference, social norms and rules to steer their actions and comprehend others’ behavior. Moreover, some common symptoms of culture shock consist of anxiety, specifically a â€Å"free-floating† anxiety. Frequently, lack of self-confidence, distrust of others, and mild psychosomatic complaints also occur in this stage. These reactions, however, are not the case for every person having an abroad experience. Adler (1975) and David (1971) have argued that, although culture shock is most often linked with negative outcomes, it may, in small measures, be consequential for self-development and growth. The extent of culture shock has been observed to be associated with the amount of difference between the visitor’s culture and the culture of the country they are visiting or working in. These differences refer to the abundance of cultural diversity in social beliefs and behaviors. Furnham and Bochner (1986) have...

Monday, February 24, 2020

International Business - Mongolia Research Paper - 1

International Business - Mongolia - Research Paper Example Such a similar scenario may be witnessed in the entire globe at the time of interwar period. Due to which, not only the financial institutions became collapsed but also a political unrest took place in the entire globe that hampered its growth to a significant extent. However, among many others, Mongolia is one of the noteworthy nations, whose political scenario is totally hindered due to the economic turmoil (Kasuya, 2003). This research essay is divided into three phrases mainly highlighting the impacts of interwar in various nations in the entire globe. Along with this, it also describes, the ways by which, the political situation of the nation of Mongolia became disturbed among others. Interwar period is recognized as the time frame within 1919 to 1939. It is time in which the World War I ended and the World War II began. Due to which, it is recognized as one of the vital time frame for the financial institutions as entre change-over is taking place. This is because, it is time, in which the banking institutions of various nations like France, Britain and Mongolia is trying to pull back huge amount of money from stock markets. This is mainly due to the downfall or crash of stock markets. As a result of which, the economic activities of the nation of Mongolia slowed down thereby declining the prosperity of the nation to a significant extent. Along with this, due to lack of financial help from the institutions, the idea of over production and future investment is stopped that hindered the economic progress of the nation of Mongolia to a certain extent. It is mainly due to the presence of economic turmoil or recession in the nation. In addition, due to recession numerous institutions became closed thereby terminating or huge amount of individual. As a result of which, the rate of unemployment and redundancy enhanced thereby declining the level of living standards and economic conditions of the citizens of Mongolia certainly. Moreover, the income